Customer relationship management (CRM) is, in theory, a broad topic: it’s about building relationships and that encompasses a lot of different activities.
Unfortunately, the activities that are seized upon by most companies are all sales-related.
That’s understandable. Sales issues cause the pains that get CRM in the door. But customer relationships extend beyond the sales process; they begin sometimes before a customer ever surfaces as a prospect, and they continue as long as a customer employs your products or services (and perhaps longer, if that customer shares experiences with your business after he or she is no longer buying from you).
Fixating on sales is not “relationship-building.” It’s also a sure way to limit the ROI of your CRM investment, because while sales can lead to growth, sustaining that growth depends on recurring sales, and building real relationships is the key to this.
So, while sales is important, it shouldn’t force other aspects of relationship-building into the background. Here are three areas that should not be overlooked if you are to create loyal, satisfied and more lucrative customers for the long-term:
Service and Support
It seems like a drop-dead obvious concept: take care of customers after they buy from you, and they’re more likely to buy from you again. But if this was such an obvious concept, why is the world replete with customer service horror stories?
It's because business leaders have managed to mentally divorce service and support from sales. They exist in two different universes: one seen as generating revenue, the other a cost center. A great example of this happens each year in New York, when two shows are held concurrently — CRM Evolution and SpeechTek — which deal with CRM and the call center space. The two groups have almost no interaction during the shows except for shared keynotes.
This is a perfect metaphor for what plagues businesses today. CRM stops at the edge of sales and marketing; service is seen as a separate kingdom, and the valuable data contained in CRM becomes difficult or impossible to access. This is why so many support calls go through a “discovery phase” in which the customer tells the agent the story of his or her experience with the business — information that’s often already available in CRM.
When this happens, regardless of the outcome of the service call, it sends the impression that the business doesn’t really know the customer. And, if you don't know someone, how can you care about that person?
Once the service question is resolved, that data should go into CRM and the customer record, but again it often does not, leaving sales and service in the dark the next time the customer calls.
If you’re really serious about having a relationship with customers that holds up over time, you must take care of them when they need you most. That’s when they’re contacting your service department for help — and it's when you should rely on your data about them and their needs the most, too.
After you make the sale, what do you do to keep your customers in love with whatever it is you’ve sold them? Most companies sit back and wait for the next sale to come their way. Smart companies start feeding their customers ideas about the products they’ve sold them — new ways to use them, new ways to maintain them, new ways to train their employees to use them and so on, in the form of white papers, blogs and other material. And it’s not just material thrown up on your corporate web site — it’s content delivered right to customers in a targeted way.
Content marketing is certainly not a new concept — but it’s been seen as a marketing task, generally focused not on customer retention but on acquisition. It’s been a matter of giving the customer collateral that helps get them to a buying decision. But all too often after the purchase is made, the flow of information stops.
With any sale involving a product or service with any degree of complexity, post-sale content marketing is useful in pointing out things that can help the buyer gain greater return on his or her investment, but which might have been ignored or forgotten after the initial purchase. For technology, this can be especially helpful — it’s easy for customers to overlook features that don’t apply to their initial needs, but when their needs change those features may prove useful. But they're only useful if the customer knows about them; content can help identify those features. Otherwise, customers may assume they’re growing out of what you’ve sold them and there goes your recurring revenue.
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