The Unintentional Culture of BlameThe irony is so rich and textured that it would be a delight to behold if it were not for the pain we all must endure. For the last few years, the calls for "a culture of accountability" have been all the rage ... and now the law of unintended consequences has come calling and is asking for its due.

Perfection Is a Cultural Prerequisite

I remember back in 1996 when business culture leaders asked workers to "do the right things right the first time." It took more than a decade to unravel the unintended consequences of that statement. In the hands of humans, "do the right things right the first time" became the culture of "no mistakes ... ever." That idea could not survive for long as the necessities of speed and scale became apparent.

Newer cultural ethics centered around speed and flexibility have since taken over, and their eventual correction has not yet appeared on the horizon. One ethic, however, is living on borrowed time: accountability.

Accountability is the mythical panacea that every executive craves. If accountability is present then everything is supposedly well in hand. If things are good, no worries. If things are bad, find whomever is accountable and take them to task. Almost every wish list from enterprise leaders contains desires for "a culture of accountability" as a lever to drive business results and a healthy culture. In the hands of reactive-minded humans, this principle has become something closer to sickness. The culture that we have attained in this quest for increased accountability has a few unsightly warts. What we have ended up with is a culture of blame in a constant and interconnected battle with the culture of plausible deniability. 

It’s All About Me … 

Unless it’s wrong. Then It’s about you. 

How did this happen? It's quite simple. The architects of the messages neglected to consider a specific form of cognitive bias called attribution bias. Attribution bias is an omnipresent condition in the human race. People tend to over-value situational factors in their own behavior and under-valuing situational factors in the behavior of others. 

If you consider yourself to be a fair judge in evaluating the behavior of yourself and others, imagine a time when you were driving your car. Now picture yourself being suddenly cut off by another driver. How likely are you to attribute blame by yelling or repeatedly honking your horn at the other driver while thinking to yourself, “What a jerk!”

Contrast this perspective to a time when you accidentally cut off another driver “because you were in a rush and did not notice them.” Attributing your behavior to context and situations while attributing the exact same behaviors in others to personality and character flaws is an unconscious cognitive bias that all humans display.

This unaddressed and uncorrected bias is rampant in corporate America. The “culture of accountability” movement has become an accelerator for attribution bias and ultimately has become a culture of holding others accountable for whatever misdeeds we can imagine. It has done nothing to work against one of the largest cultural deficits present in our society: introspection.