A tablet with an LMS calendar
Learning management systems continue to mature PHOTO: Unsplash

LMS is an acronym for learning management system, a software that enables companies and educational institutions to create and manage lessons, courses, quizzes and other training materials. A learning management system also aids the organization deliver training materials and lessons to employees, students or partners.

How Does an LMS Work?

To experience the way an LMS works, let’s take a look at a very basic example of how an LMS can be deployed.

A company wants to educate its sales team about a soon-to-be-launched product.

To do that, they use the course builder function within their LMS to create slides, bite-sized documentation, quizzes and certifications. Once the course materials are ready, each member of the sales team can log into the LMS with their own personalized account to begin learning (and now you know where the term eLearning came from).

When an employee feels ready, he or she can take the quizzes or tests required to achieve their certification — proving that they’re qualified to sell the product at the standard required.

The LMS can track the progress of each employee, so administrators can see how well learners are moving through the course material, who has qualified, and who remains confused about the topic.  

What Are The Benefits of an LMS?

The more obvious benefits of an LMS include the development of knowledge amongst students or employees. But let’s dig a little deeper into why an LMS is so useful.

First, an LMS gives an organization somewhere to centrally house its training and development content. It can be stored, managed, edited and deleted from within the same software.

An LMS also saves money, since traditional forms of training like seminars or training days directly impact the company’s bottom line. With an LMS, learners can access their eLearning environment from anywhere, at any time, at their own pace and without draining additional company resources or incurring travel expenses.

Basic Components of an LMS

With hundreds of learning management systems on the market, you’ll struggle to find two with identical feature sets. However, here are some fundamental features that no LMS should be without:

  • eLearning Standard Compliance: The ability to exchange data with other eLearning software through compliance with eLearning standards such as SCORM and Tin-Can.
  • Multichannel Access: Learners are able to access their account and their course material through desktop, tablet and smartphone devices.
  • Course Management, Creation or Importing: Administrators are able to either build courses using a built-in course builder, or import course material from other formats.
  • Document Management: The ability to upload and manage documents containing curricular content.
  • Course Calendars: Features that support the creation and publication of course schedules, deadlines and tests.
  • Social Features: Notifications, messaging and discussion forums to promote knowledge sharing and engagement.
  • Tracking and Reporting: Detailed reports should be available so that both administrators and learners may view average test scores, final test scores, single user reports, company and so forth.
  • Assessment and Certification: Pre-course assessments (or diagnostic assessments) to assess employee knowledge levels in order to assign suitable content to them. Digital or physical certification should also be supported.

Enterprise LMS Features

An enterprise learning management system has additional features that make it better suited for delivering training to corporate staff, whether they're in-house employees or external partners. Those enterprise-specific features can include:

  • Enhanced Security: Many corporate LMS solutions boast single-sign-on, two-factor authentication, firewalls and regular data backups to ensure data security.
  • Scalability: Enterprise LMSs are often cloud-based, making them far easier and faster to scale compared to on-premise learning management systems.
  • White Labeling: The company can often brand the LMS so that it appears to be in-house software.
  • Multi-lingual Support: For global companies who need to deliver course material and user interfaces in the languages native to their employees.
  • ILT Classrooms: Instructor-led training classrooms enable learners to attend live streamed or recorded content with an instructor, whether individually or in groups.
  • Personalization: Personalized learning paths or documentation can be delivered to specific learner groups based on their roles, knowledge or experience.
  • Extensions and Integrations: An enterprise LMS can typically integrate with other eLearning software, communication platforms and CRMs.
  • Gamification: Learners can earn points, badges or digital rewards for completing courses or taking quizzes. Organization-wide leaderboards based on those points help foster a culture of friendly competition.
  • eCommerce: Many enterprise learning management systems boast eCommerce features so that companies can sell training sessions to third parties.
  • APIs: Some enterprise LMSs allow the company to extend the platform's features with custom scripts and plugins based on a publicly available and well-documented API.


If you’re confused about the label LCMS (learning content management system), don’t be.

An LCMS refers to software that’s intended to help developers and administrators build and manage eLearning content. Unlike an LMS, it doesn’t provide the features needed to actually deliver those courses and track learner progress.

The good news is that, in the modern LMS market, almost all learning management systems are also learning content management systems. Many major LMS provide course building features that allow for course creation and management in the way a traditional LCMS would. Or, at the very least, major LMS will be able to import course content from Microsoft Office or other legacy platforms.

So, choose a powerful LMS, and you’ll get an LCMS as part of the package.

Talent Management System (TMS) vs LMS

Finally, let’s clear up the misconception about the difference between a talent management system and a learning management system.

TMS a software suite comprised of the "four pillars" of talent management: recruitment, performance management, learning and compensation management. Thus, a TMS actually houses and LMS within itself, along with three other software applications that encompass employee recruitment, development and retention.

Enterprise LMS Recommendations

If you're on the hunt for an enterprise-grade LMS, you can start by exploring:

For more LMS recommendations, check out CMSWire’s list of 42 Learning Management Systems.